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How Does Torque Wrench Works?

Usually, it puts you in an uncomfortable situation if you are talking to someone and they’re using terms or words of which you do not even know the meaning. So before we start learning more about what torque wrenches are, let’s begin this article by knowing what a torque wrenches is.

Torque wrench is basically a type of wrench that is specifically designed to apply specific amount of force otherwise called as torque to a bolt or nut. Whenever non-mechanic individuals heard of torque, they immediately jump to a conclusion that it is the engine’s horsepower. Well, torque does refer to rotating force like wheels of a car but that term can refer also to nearly anything and not just the power of your car’s engine.

Yet another example of this involves lug nuts that hold the wheels on an automobile. These lug nuts also have a specific amount of torque to which they have to be tightened. Say for example that there’s lacking in the amount of force used, there’s a chance that it could come loose while driving and can result to unstable wheel or worse, your wheel may come off. You’re running the risk of something cracking that may cause some problems on the wheels if they are too tight. This being said, if these nuts should be applied with specific torque or amount of force, then using a torque wrench will come into play.

For the most basic type of this wrench, it has a small gauge showing how much force you’re applying. And let’s use the lug nuts of your car in this case which typically needs 80 pounds of force, what you must do is put the wrench on and then tighten it until it shows that you are applying 80 pounds of torque and you are good.
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There are many types of torque wrenches and with the most basic being what mentioned above. Normally, it is using a needle in order to indicate the amount of force applied. There are also some that have mechanisms preventing you from over-tightening, which has a clutch that automatically disengage when you reach that certain amount of force. With this, it helps in preventing unnecessary force to be applied.
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Then again, there are electronic wrenches which come with a digital display than an analog gauge. Moreover, there are hydraulic torque wrenches that are available in the market as well which is capable of applying significant amount of force by using hydraulics. In most instances, you’ll see this being used in bigger pieces of machinery where basic wrenches would not work.